Monument record M1752 - Multivallate hillfort at Fox Wood, near Calverton, Woodborough


MULTIVALLATE HILLFORT? (Early Iron Age to Roman)


Grid reference Centred SK 61321 48405 (213m by 223m)
Map sheet SK64NW
District Gedling
Civil Parish Woodborough, Gedling
Civil Parish Calverton, Gedling


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

Earthwork of type B (hill top with artifical defences) in Fox Wood, with multiple ditch and bank on 3 sides and a possible N entrance. Eastern side lost. (1)
Hill top contour camp, with multiple ditches; occupied in Ro period. There is an extension of the earthworks to the E, which is not shown in (1). (2)
Nothing of the extensions mentioned by Mr Oswald was seen on AP's. (3) (4)
The earthworks straddle a long ridge carrying a trackway which is also a parish boundary … Fox Wood has produced the least pre-Ro material, but this may be due to lack of adequate fieldwork. (5)
A well defended enclosure situated on a SE facing slope, c. 20 m below a crest to the immediate W but with an open aspect to the SE. The enclosure, which is situated some 115 m above sea level, occupies an area of c. 9.0 acres. Multivallate defences exist on all sides except to the E, which is completely open. A "funnel" entrance through the N rampart leads to the adjacent crest, and possibly also to what was an early ridgeway road running E-W. Within the main work a second enclosure, also open to the E, has been constructed into the inner ditch of the external defences. This small, strong inner enclosure is of a different, and later, type of construction to the original work: particularly noticeable is a sharp right-angled corner. At no point is there any evidence to suggest that either enclosure was completed to the E; and the suggestion by Oswald that the defences ran into the ploughed fields, is not substantiated by the topographical position of the extant remains. The situation, plan and general type of the original work, all suggest a simple defended enclosure of IA construction for both stock and human habitation. Later modification, strengthening of the defences, and funnel entrance suggests a subsequent culture. The third phase (the inner enclosure) is probably much later. The topographical position is suggestive of a hill-slope fort but the defences show a far more complex construction. (6)
Outer bank and ditch survive to 3-4m on N side in the wood, inner bank and ditch can be discerned at SW corner, undergrowth prevents measurement. (9)
Grid ref centred. See L8179 for Ro pottery, L1751 and L1753 for cropmarks.

<1> VCH, 1906, Notts, pp 298-9 (Published document). SNT1383.

<2> Thoroton Society, 1939, TTS, pp 2, 15 (Published document). SNT356.

<3> RAF, 1948 , Air photos (Aerial photograph). SNT1163.

Other Refs: 1958

<4> OS, Air photos (Aerial photograph). SNT983.

Other Refs: 1960

<5> Thoroton Society, 1963, TTS, pp 17-18 (Published document). SNT377.

<6> Colquhoun FD, 1975, Pers Comm (Personal comment). SNT583.

<7> DOE (IAM), 1978, Anc Mons Eng, p 76 (Published document). SNT640.

<8> Dodd A, 1988, AM107 (Unpublished document). SNT620.

<9> DOE, AM7 - undated, no author (Unpublished document). SNT52.

Sources/Archives (9)

  • <1> Published document: VCH. 1906. Notts. 1. pp 298-9.
  • <2> Published document: Thoroton Society. 1939. TTS. 43. pp 2, 15.
  • <3> Aerial photograph: RAF. 1948 . Air photos.
  • <4> Aerial photograph: OS. Air photos.
  • <5> Published document: Thoroton Society. 1963. TTS. 67. pp 17-18.
  • <6> Personal comment: Colquhoun FD. 1975. Pers Comm.
  • <7> Published document: DOE (IAM). 1978. Anc Mons Eng. p 76.
  • <8> Unpublished document: Dodd A. 1988. AM107.
  • <9> Unpublished document: DOE. AM7 - undated, no author.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (3)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Jan 19 2023 7:34PM

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