Monument record M2051 - Cockpit Hill, Ramsdale park - Hillfort


Possible Roman fort, or Iron Age settlement with later Roman occupation.


Grid reference SK 59699 48600 (point)
Map sheet SK54NE
District Gedling
Civil Parish Arnold, Gedling
Civil Parish Calverton, Gedling


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

On Holly Hill, within 2 miles NW of the village of Arnold, is part of a very extensive Ro camp, length 417yds by 240. An old farmer at Arnold remembers the camp as complete, and above twice the length of what is now distinguishable. It has had a double ditch and vallum; but, as this hill was formerly enclosed in a break, the plough has destroyed great part of it. ("Holly Hill" not identified, but the NE part of the hill centred at SK 596485 is called "Hollinwood Hill" on (3), and this corresponds fairly well with Hayman- Rooke's description.) (1)
In 1961 the area was unsuccessfully searched for the camp site. Ro pottery, inluding a C4 mortarium rim, was found at SK 59604810 and 59554800. (4)
2 parallel cropmarks at SK 597484 might agree with the SE double rampart of Hayman-Rooke's plan, but the scale of the photography makes it impossible to interpret, and they may be modern. Nothing visible on other available APs. (5)
"Ramsdale Hill Enclosure" is being excavated by Sherwood AS. (6) (7)
(Site 1 is M5262) At site 2 on the SE of the plateau a drainage ditch was discovered running down the slope of the hillside. This contained IA and Ro pottery. In 1975 site 3 was opened on the SW side of the plateau. Excavation exposed a ditch running at right angles to the slope of the hillside and this was traced for a distance of 7-8m to the edge of the wood, 2m wide and almost 2m deep below the ploughsoil. Contained in the infill were sherds of IA and Ro ware. Traces of charcoal were also found. Further trenches 30m to the NE exposed a parallel ditch of similar dimensions which also contained Ro pottery. Between these 2 ditches were 2 shallow curving channels which may indicate hut sites. They too contained IA and Ro sherds. (8)
Two trenches excavated --/05/1989, no significant results (see E387). (10)
The area outlined on the schedule map appears to be in the wrong place. It coincides exactly with a field containing a reservoir, property of Severn Trent, which is marked as a feature on the 1913 OS map. The area marked out as scheduled by Notts SMR is the E section of the area marked Ramsdale Hill encampment on the 1913 map. This area includes a walled garden, cottages and a section of a small wood containing a bank and ditch. (11)
It has been suggested that based on lack of evidence, this is not a Roman fort, but rather an Iron Age settlement surrounded by enclosure ditches. The Roman material is evidence of Roman settlement on the site, but it does not point towards it being a fort. (13)

See L8280 and L9053 for Neo finds, M5262 for cockpit, L5461 for supposed earthwork in Epperstone Wood.

<1> Rooke H, 1792, Archaeologia, pp 378 - 80 (Published document). SNT1210.

<2> VCH, 1906, Notts, pp 299-300 (Published document). SNT1383.

<3> OS, 1839, 1in 1839 (Map). SNT1040.

<4> EMAB eds, 1961, East Midlands Archaeological Bulletin, p 14 (Published document). SNT155.

<5> OS, Air photos (Aerial photograph). SNT983.

Other Refs: OS/60/60.049-50

<6> Unknown, 17/12/1974, LS Surveyor (Personal comment). SNT893.

<7> Barker K, Pers Comm (Personal comment). SNT446.

<8> Thoroton Society, 1978, TTS, pp 14-20 (Published document). SNT391.

<9> DOE (IAM), 1978, Anc Mons Eng, p 76 (Published document). SNT640.

<10> Garton D, 1989, Cockpit Hill, Ramsdale (Monograph). SNT706.

<11> Dodd A, 1988, AM107 (Unpublished document). SNT620.

<12> Turner C & Turner J, 1997, Dorket Head, Nottinghamshire (Monograph). SNT1456.

<13> M. Alexander, 2009, Ramsdale Hill, Arnold, Nottinghamshire Scheduling Report: Archaeological Survey and Investigation (Unpublished document). SNT5171.

Sources/Archives (13)

  • <1> Published document: Rooke H. 1792. Archaeologia. 10. pp 378 - 80.
  • <2> Published document: VCH. 1906. Notts. 1. pp 299-300.
  • <3> Map: OS. 1839. 1in 1839.
  • <4> Published document: EMAB eds. 1961. East Midlands Archaeological Bulletin. 4. p 14.
  • <5> Aerial photograph: OS. Air photos.
  • <6> Personal comment: Unknown. 17/12/1974. LS Surveyor.
  • <7> Personal comment: Barker K. Pers Comm.
  • <8> Published document: Thoroton Society. 1978. TTS. 82. pp 14-20.
  • <9> Published document: DOE (IAM). 1978. Anc Mons Eng. p 76.
  • <10> Monograph: Garton D. 1989. Cockpit Hill, Ramsdale.
  • <11> Unpublished document: Dodd A. 1988. AM107.
  • <12> Monograph: Turner C & Turner J. 1997. Dorket Head, Nottinghamshire. Sherwood Archaeological Society.
  • <13> Unpublished document: M. Alexander. 2009. Ramsdale Hill, Arnold, Nottinghamshire Scheduling Report: Archaeological Survey and Investigation.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (5)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Nov 18 2019 4:33PM

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