Monument record M4450 - Motte & Bailey, Castle Hill, Bothamsall




Grid reference Centred SK 67132 73199 (188m by 183m)
Map sheet SK67SE
District Bassetlaw
Civil Parish Bothamsall, Bassetlaw


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

A poorly preserved castle mount. (1)
The mound, locally known as Bothamsall Castle, is c 150yds in circumference, with a parapet at the top 70yds in circumference. This is apparently a "Norman" castle mound, and the present high road intersects the bailey, the slight traces remaining on the E side being explained by the rampart having been levelled to allow of agricultural operations. (2)
The bailey is clearly visible on the W (sic) and N. (3)
Motte and bailey. Large motte of red glacial gravel. Summit has a raised rim, perhaps parapet but perhaps caused by seekers after treasure, who may also have been responsible for sunken trenches up its E side. "Home Guard" trenches in this "rim" show no signs of stone wall or of occupation debris. Ditch visible all round. Bailey probably lay to E, half across road and there are faint traces of its land ploughed down (sic). Hollows S of mound - look like old gravel workings. (4)
A motte situated in an oustanding position with excellent all round visibility; the feature has a max height of 4.8m and is in relatively poor condition, quarrying having in part disturbed the profile. The top is saucered to a max depth 1.8m and now supports a small copse of ash and oak, no building remains are evident. The immediate adjacent areas S, E and W have been extensively quarried for gravel (not agriculture as suggested by (2)) and a former bailey cannot now be traced; however the situation of the mound, together with local topography, leaves no doubt that a bailey or court formerly existed. To the N a modern E-W road grazes the motte, N of the road extensive cultivation has destroyed any feature that might have formerly existed. The name "Bothamsall Castle" is still in local use. The lack of early recorded history suggests a possible adulterine origin. (5)
Motte 6m high, top has rounded rampart with drains (externally) 29m (sic). Bailey extends to the E and is cut by the roadway. The ditch and adjacent area is much disfigured by gravel pits. (6)
Morph: 63.1.2 (9)

Data Held: Aerial Photograph (Aerial photograph). SNT2645.


Data Held: Aerial Photograph (Aerial photograph). SNT2645.

DNR SF1024/21

Data Held: Aerial Photograph (Aerial photograph). SNT2645.


Data Held: Aerial Photograph (Aerial photograph). SNT2645.

DNR 853/32

Data Held: Ground Photograph (Ground photograph). SNT2646.

4 colour print; 1 BW print; 6 colour slide, CS 34-9, SMR

<1> VCH, 1906, Notts, p 305 (Published document). SNT1383.

<2> Thoroton Society, 1931, TTS, pp 1-3 (Published document). SNT351.

<3> Thoroton Society, 1939, TTS, p 6 (Published document). SNT356.

<4> MOW, 819 (Published document). SNT929.

<5> Colquhoun FD, 1974, Pers Comm (Personal comment). SNT582.

<6> Hart CR, 1984, AM107 (Unpublished document). SNT754.

<7> Samuels JR, 1985, AM107 (Unpublished document). SNT1230.

<8> Riley DN, Air photos (Aerial photograph). SNT1194.

Other Refs: 844/33, 1024/20

<9> RCHME, National Mapping Programme, Notts - Morph Data (Unknown). SNT1470.

Sources/Archives (14)

  • --- Aerial photograph: Data Held: Aerial Photograph.
  • --- Aerial photograph: Data Held: Aerial Photograph.
  • --- Aerial photograph: Data Held: Aerial Photograph.
  • --- Aerial photograph: Data Held: Aerial Photograph.
  • --- Ground photograph: Data Held: Ground Photograph.
  • <1> Published document: VCH. 1906. Notts. 1. p 305.
  • <2> Published document: Thoroton Society. 1931. TTS. 35. pp 1-3.
  • <3> Published document: Thoroton Society. 1939. TTS. 43. p 6.
  • <4> Published document: MOW. 819.
  • <5> Personal comment: Colquhoun FD. 1974. Pers Comm.
  • <6> Unpublished document: Hart CR. 1984. AM107.
  • <7> Unpublished document: Samuels JR. 1985. AM107.
  • <8> Aerial photograph: Riley DN. Air photos.
  • <9> Unknown: RCHME. National Mapping Programme, Notts - Morph Data.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Jan 19 2023 7:34PM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any questions or more information about this record? Please feel free to comment below with your name and email address. All comments are submitted to the website maintainers for moderation, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible. Comments, questions and answers that may be helpful to other users will be retained and displayed along with the name you supply. The email address you supply will never be displayed or shared.