Building record M1833 - Cliff Mill, Lowdham / Gonalston


CORN MILL (Post Medieval to Late 20th Century); FLOUR MILL (Post Medieval to Late 20th Century); COTTON MILL (Post Medieval to Late 20th Century); WATERMILL (Post Medieval to Late 20th Century)


Grid reference Centred SK 67802 46959 (22m by 13m)
Map sheet SK64NE
District Newark
Civil Parish Lowdham, Newark
Civil Parish Gonalston, Newark


Type and Period (4)

Full Description

"Row. Heckors Mill" shown, at Barker Hill. (1)
Watermill shown. (2) (3)
Cliff Mill, otherwise Marsh, Moor or Baker's Mill, was a possession of Thurgarton Priory and there are many Med and later references to it. It has been a corn, fulling and cotton mill. It is possibly the mill that achieved notoriety in the C18/C19 for the ill treatment of London apprentices employed there. (4)
Now partly without roof and in ruin. Local opinion suggests that this is the mill of ill repute. (5)
The present fabric is C18/C19 with C20 additions. There are no identifiable remains of a Med building - would doubtless have been on same site. The whole is now in a dangerous condition. (6)
Cotton Mill. Built by the 1790s, as it is in Lowe's list of cotton mills, described as Lambert's (as is another one in Lowdham). Thought to be the mill described by Blincoe. It is 3 storeys high and stands across the Dover Beck. The top storey is less spacious than those beneath, and may have acted as the apprentice house. The existing chimney indicates the addition of a steam engine … The iron waterwheel survives, c 15ft diameter and 12ft wide … some of the gears which connected the wheel with the main shafting can also be seen. (Recorded under Gonalston). (7)
Only a few walls surviving. The old mill was burned down (date unknown). The present owner (Burgess) lives in the old mill house (possibly the old manor house) but has been unable to get any information as to its listing and has no documents (--/10/1968). (NB Described as paper mill - possible confusion with M1865 ?). (8)
The derelict and ruinous remains of this watermill deserve a mention as the cotton mill at which Robert Blincoe was first apprenticed (See memoirs of Robert Blincoe). (9)
This cotton mill is of red brick and 2 1/2 storeys now survive. It is 10 bays wide, windows originally sash - segmental arches to those on the ground floor, first floor square headed. Mill built over Dover Beck. Stone embankment walls to stream on N side. On the S side mill approached over a bridge with one segmental and one round arch. The waterwheel still survives - made of iron. (11)
Cliff Mill has been a corn mill, a fulling mill and a cotton spinning mill. The present structure is of C18 and C19 origin, for many years a ruin, is now a private dwelling. It was surveyed by NIAS in 1987 (13). The breastshot wheel is approx 13ft 6in diameter and 12ft wide (see source for more details). (12)
See M1867 for Lowdham Mill.

Data Held (Document). SNT2647.

(6), Ind Arch File

Data Held: Ground Photograph (Ground photograph). SNT2646.

11 BW print, Y2-Y11, SMR

Listed buildings slides, (Photograph). SNT2648.

<1> Mastoris SN & Groves SM, 1997, Sherwood Forest in 1609 (Map). SNT906.

Other Refs: map 11

<2> Chapman J, 1774, Nottinghamshire - approx 1in (Map). SNT550.

<3> Sanderson G, 1835, 20 miles around Mansfield - 2 in (Map). SNT48.

<4> Beckwith EGC, 1958, A History of Lowdham (Published document). SNT470.

<5> Seaman BH, 1960, Pers Comm (Personal comment). SNT1243.

<6> Colquhoun FD, 1960, Pers Comm (Personal comment). SNT575.

<7> Smith DM, 1965, The Industrial Archaeology of the East Midlands, pp 246-7 (Published document). SNT1304.

<8> CBA, Industrial Survey (Published document). SNT184.

Other Refs: IA2 49/2

<9> Reedman K, 1977, Pers Comm (Personal comment). SNT1180.

<10> Pevsner N, 1979, The Buildings of England: Nottinghamshire 2nd ed., p 133 (Monograph). SNT4.

<11> Patrick A , undated, Pers Comm (Personal comment). SNT1129.

<12> Morley D, 1997, Corn and Cotton - Waterpower in Notts (draft), p 10 (Unpublished document). SNT1693.

<13> NIAS, March 1988, NIAS Journal (Serial). SNT2643.

Sources/Archives (16)

  • --- Ground photograph: Data Held: Ground Photograph.
  • --- Document: Data Held.
  • --- Photograph: Listed buildings slides. .
  • <1> Map: Mastoris SN & Groves SM. 1997. Sherwood Forest in 1609.
  • <2> Map: Chapman J. 1774. Nottinghamshire - approx 1in.
  • <3> Map: Sanderson G. 1835. 20 miles around Mansfield - 2 in.
  • <4> Published document: Beckwith EGC. 1958. A History of Lowdham.
  • <5> Personal comment: Seaman BH. 1960. Pers Comm.
  • <6> Personal comment: Colquhoun FD. 1960. Pers Comm.
  • <7> Published document: Smith DM. 1965. The Industrial Archaeology of the East Midlands. pp 246-7.
  • <8> Published document: CBA. Industrial Survey.
  • <9> Personal comment: Reedman K. 1977. Pers Comm.
  • <10> Monograph: Pevsner N. 1979. The Buildings of England: Nottinghamshire 2nd ed.. Penguin. p 133.
  • <11> Personal comment: Patrick A . undated. Pers Comm.
  • <12> Unpublished document: Morley D. 1997. Corn and Cotton - Waterpower in Notts (draft). p 10.
  • <13> Serial: NIAS. March 1988. NIAS Journal. 13.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Jan 19 2023 7:34PM

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