Monument record M2772 - Iron Age multivallate hillfort at Old Ox, Oxton




Grid reference Centred SK 63427 53188 (168m by 215m)
Map sheet SK65SW
District Newark
Civil Parish Oxton, Newark


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

A well preserved camp lying on a slope protected by higher ground on all sides. As shown on 6in sheet, with the addition of one additional vallum on the SE making 3 and more complicated earthworks on the W side and the S side than shown on the 8in sheet (sic). No sign of attempted excavation. I learnt from the Agent of the Estate that there was some danger of the gyro- tiller being used on the site. This, with re-seeding would greatly improve the grazing, but would completely destroy the site. I understand the owners would not agree. The adjoining camp has completely disappeared after gyro- ploughing. (3)
A sub-oval earthwork, mainly of double bank and ditch, with a S/N staggered entrance, and lying 200-300yds below the top of a ridge known as Old Ox. (4)
A multivallate IA settlement situated c 105m above sea level on a site that has obviously been selected for the double benefits of seclusion and shelter from the prevailing NE wind. The refuge is concealed (and overlooked) on all sides except the SE where there is an open aspect and, as might be expected, the strongest defences have been erected; but even to the SE the soft contouring of the general terrain provides a certain amount of privacy and security. The general defences consist of a rampart with accompanying ditch; however to the SE this has been strengthened to a double rampart and ditches above a strong natural slope. There is a simple causewayed entrance in the N rampart and an elaborate "funnel" entrance in the SE; S of this entrance is a spring-fed pond which is probably contemporary wih the original work. Internally there are traces of ridge and furrow - now under permanent pasture; there is no surface evidence of early occupation. Typically IA. The name "Old Ox" is doubtless a Med abbreviation for Old Oxton. (5)
For further details of earthworks see plan, surveyed in 1976. Not shown is part of the bank and ditch on the S side, outside of the scheduled area and currently under plough. Scheduled area should be extended to include this end of the monument. (6)
Morph: 39.2.1 (7)
Grid ref centred.

Data Held (Document). SNT2647.

Sketch, (1), Parish File

Data Held: Ground Photograph (Ground photograph). SNT2646.

17 colour print, negs E22/3-7, SMR

Keyworth Tom, 2012, Geophysical Survey Report, Oldox Camp, Nottinghamshire (Unpublished document). SNT4619.

<1> Soc of Ants of London, 1789, Archaeologia, p 193 (Published document). SNT93.

<2> VCH, 1906, Notts, p 298 (Published document). SNT1383.

<3> DOE, 1949, AM7 (Unpublished document). SNT56.

<4> Thoroton Society, 1963, TTS, pp 15-17 (Published document). SNT377.

<5> Colquhoun FD, 1975, Pers Comm (Personal comment). SNT583.

<6> Samuels JR, 1985, AM107 (Unpublished document). SNT1230.

Sources/Archives (9)

  • --- Ground photograph: Data Held: Ground Photograph.
  • --- Document: Data Held.
  • --- Unpublished document: Keyworth Tom. 2012. Geophysical Survey Report, Oldox Camp, Nottinghamshire.
  • <1> Published document: Soc of Ants of London. 1789. Archaeologia. 9. p 193.
  • <2> Published document: VCH. 1906. Notts. 1. p 298.
  • <3> Unpublished document: DOE. 1949. AM7.
  • <4> Published document: Thoroton Society. 1963. TTS. 67. pp 15-17.
  • <5> Personal comment: Colquhoun FD. 1975. Pers Comm.
  • <6> Unpublished document: Samuels JR. 1985. AM107.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (2)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Jan 19 2023 7:34PM

Comments and Feedback

Do you have any questions or more information about this record? Please feel free to comment below with your name and email address. All comments are submitted to the website maintainers for moderation, and we aim to respond/publish as soon as possible. Comments, questions and answers that may be helpful to other users will be retained and displayed along with the name you supply. The email address you supply will never be displayed or shared.