Building record M4396 - Cotton mill, (Cuckney School) Cuckney


COTTON MILL (Stuart to Late 20th Century); WORSTED MILL (Stuart to Late 20th Century); WATERMILL (Stuart to Late 20th Century)


Grid reference Centred SK 56024 70995 (27m by 25m)
Map sheet SK57SE
District Bassetlaw
Civil Parish Cuckney, Bassetlaw


Type and Period (3)

Full Description

Cotton mill. Original building 1723? Used as a school since 1846. Original building 64ft long, 26ft wide, built of local stone. (17/01/1964). (1)
Converted to school 1848. The old water course of the mill has been bricked over by additions to the school but evidence of it can still be seen. Evidence of associated waterhouse and wheelhouse can be seen, these were demolished in 1960. (02/07/1964). (2) NB IS cards confused, give 2 sites.
The remains of the mill used by Messrs Toplis for worsted manufacturing, and later by the Hollins concern as a cotton mill. (5)
(Wm Toplis was born in 1723 - source of date?) In 1785, William Toplis and his second son started cotton-spinning on Arkwright's principle at Cuckney. The mill seems to have prospered until 1792 when it was burned down. The enterprise, or the main part of it, was then transferred to Worksop. The Cuckney mill survived until 1846. (6)
Believed to have been built in 1723. Used for spinning worsted in 1786 and for cotton manufacture until, in 1844, it was converted into a school. It still serves [this use] in a very good state of preservation. The mill was advertised for sale in 1812 for the remaining 7 years of lease for £200 pa, having a 16ft x 11ft wheel, 6 rooms 61ft x 21ft, 18 throstles and 1 mule (spinning machines), a 10 acre reservoir etc. (7)
Worked by children, it was appropriately turned into a National School by the Duke of Portland. (8)
C18 cotton mill, of stone, 3 storeys, 2 bays wide, 7 bays long, probable that loft doors were in the centre. Hipped slate roof. A number of red brick additions. The building is now used as a school. The mill pond and dam survive. (9)
It was … used for cotton spinning by Hollins of Pleasley. (10)
See M4397 for cottages, M4409, M5378 for other mills. See M5379 for earlier forge on this site, M8956 for mill pond.

Data Held (Document). SNT2647.

(7), Ind Arch File

Data Held: Ground Photograph (Ground photograph). SNT2646.

7 BW print, N2-7, N11, SMR

Listed buildings slides, (Photograph). SNT2648.

<1> CBA, Industrial Survey (Published document). SNT184.

Other Refs: IA3 22/1

<2> CBA, Industrial Survey (Published document). SNT184.

Other Refs: IA3 22/2

<3> Topliss and Co, 1786-1805, Apprentices Register (Unpublished document). SNT90.

<4> OS, 1918, 1:2500, County Series 1918 (Map). SNT1027.

Other Refs: 18/6

<5> Smith DM, 1965, The Industrial Archaeology of the East Midlands, p 241 (Published document). SNT1304.

<6> Chapman SD, 1967, The Early Factory Masters, pp 106-7 (Published document). SNT2614.

<7> Reedman K, 1977, Pers Comm (Personal comment). SNT1180.

<8> Pevsner N, 1979, The Buildings of England: Nottinghamshire 2nd ed., p 110 (Monograph). SNT4.

<9> Patrick A , undated, Pers Comm (Personal comment). SNT1129.

<10> Palmer M & Neaverson P, 1992, Industrial Landscapes of the East Midlands, p 48 (Monograph). SNT5.

Sources/Archives (13)

  • --- Ground photograph: Data Held: Ground Photograph.
  • --- Document: Data Held.
  • --- Photograph: Listed buildings slides. .
  • <1> Published document: CBA. Industrial Survey.
  • <2> Published document: CBA. Industrial Survey.
  • <3> Unpublished document: Topliss and Co. 1786-1805. Apprentices Register.
  • <4> Map: OS. 1918. 1:2500, County Series 1918.
  • <5> Published document: Smith DM. 1965. The Industrial Archaeology of the East Midlands. p 241.
  • <6> Published document: Chapman SD. 1967. The Early Factory Masters. pp 106-7.
  • <7> Personal comment: Reedman K. 1977. Pers Comm.
  • <8> Monograph: Pevsner N. 1979. The Buildings of England: Nottinghamshire 2nd ed.. Penguin. p 110.
  • <9> Personal comment: Patrick A . undated. Pers Comm.
  • <10> Monograph: Palmer M & Neaverson P. 1992. Industrial Landscapes of the East Midlands. Phillimore & Co Ltd. p 48.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (1)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Jan 19 2023 7:34PM

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