Monument record M5050 - Roman fortlet, Scaftworth


FORT (Roman)


Grid reference Centred SK 66066 92959 (842m by 677m)
Map sheet SK69SE
District Bassetlaw
Civil Parish Scaftworth, Bassetlaw


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

Until recently an earthwork similar to that at Martin, in the parish of Harworth, was situated c 1/2 mile to the E of Bawtry; it is figured in some of the old county maps. During the enclosure of the common several specimens of Ro antiquities were found. (1)
Fragments of pottery and part of a spear were found in 1750 at Scaftworth. Intrenchments visible late C18 were supposed to be a Ro station. (2)
Rectangular earthwork with double bank and ditch. Faint traces of earthworks. Ro potsherds on surface. (3)
A small Ro fort with 3 ditches was observed in 1944 and subsequent years, near where the Ro road crossed the R Idle. No traces are visible on the surface, as the site is in arable land and has long been ploughed. There is a gate in the centre of each of the NE and SW sides, and a cropmark seems to indicate the line of the Ro road passing the fort c 100ft from the NE side. The enclosure has been surveyed and trenched. The ditches were V- shaped with a max width of 12ft and just under 5ft deep, and had been waterlogged; C4 pottery was found in the upper part of the filling. (4)
Dug by J Bartlett and DN Riley. Innermost ditch encloses an area 205ft x 185ft, not precisely rectangular. Overall breadth 65ft- 75ft. Possible annexe at S corner. All the pottery found in the lower part of the filling was C4 and there was a bronze imitation of a siliqua of Julian the Apostate. (5) (6)
The fort was sited from an AP. Although under growing crop, the area is still prolific in pottery yield. A quantity of sherds, mainly coarse ware, was recovered from the surface during an inspection of the site. No traces of the Ro road exist in the vicinity of the cropmark referred to by (4). (7)
Site lies in field immediately to E of flood barrier E of River Idle. (8)
Morph: 99.8.1 fort, 99.9.1 road, 99.10.1 ditch, 99.11.1 enclosure. (16)
See L 9474 for finds made in 1750, M 5096 for adjacent ? marching camp, M 17737 and L9477 for adjacent road, L 5066 for Neo axe.

Data Held: Aerial Photograph (Aerial photograph). SNT2645.

1 colour print, CCL 248/0798/12a

Data Held: Aerial Photograph (Aerial photograph). SNT2645.

5 BW prints, JAP 2414/4A, Unknown, CUCAP DC 34,35, JAP 1162/16, SMR

M. Cole, 1995, Holly House Farm, Scaftworth, Nottinghamshire: Report on Geophysical Survey, October 1995 (Unpublished document). SNT5169.

<1> VCH, 1906, Notts, pp 303-4 (Published document). SNT1383.

<2> VCH, 1910, Notts, p 33 (Published document). SNT1384.

<3> DOE, AM7 - undated, no author (Unpublished document). SNT52.

<4> Society for … Ro Studies, 1953, JRS, pp 87,114 (Published document). SNT205.

<5> Society for … Ro Studies, 1957, JRS, p 209 (Published document). SNT206.

<6> Thoroton Society, 1958, TTS, pp 24-35 (Published document). SNT372.

<7> Emsley RW, 1960, Pers Comm (Personal comment). SNT669.

<8> Dodd A, 1988, AM107 (Unpublished document). SNT620.

<9> CUCAP, Air photos (Aerial photograph). SNT594.

Other Refs: DC 34-5, Em D14 Special Coll A

<10> Riley DN, Air photos (Aerial photograph). SNT1194.

Other Refs: 1294/2-5, 1017/14

<11> NMR, Air Photos (Aerial photograph). SNT962.

Other Refs: 6692/1

<12> Doncaster Museum, Air photos (Aerial photograph). SNT644.

Other Refs: 31-5,37

<13> Riley DN, 1980, Early Landscapes from the Air (Published document). SNT1197.

<14> Kennedy D, 1984, Popular Archaeology (Serial). SNT37.

Other Refs: March

<15> Gilbertson DD and Blackham A, 1985, Scaftworth Roman "Fortlet", in Briggs, Gilbertson and Jenkinson, pp 111-127 (Published document). SNT709.

<16> RCHME, National Mapping Programme, Notts - Morph Data (Unknown). SNT1470.

Sources/Archives (19)

  • --- Aerial photograph: Data Held: Aerial Photograph.
  • --- Aerial photograph: Data Held: Aerial Photograph.
  • --- Unpublished document: M. Cole. 1995. Holly House Farm, Scaftworth, Nottinghamshire: Report on Geophysical Survey, October 1995.
  • <1> Published document: VCH. 1906. Notts. 1. pp 303-4.
  • <2> Published document: VCH. 1910. Notts. 2. p 33.
  • <3> Unpublished document: DOE. AM7 - undated, no author.
  • <4> Published document: Society for … Ro Studies. 1953. JRS. 43. pp 87,114.
  • <5> Published document: Society for … Ro Studies. 1957. JRS. 47. p 209.
  • <6> Published document: Thoroton Society. 1958. TTS. 62. pp 24-35.
  • <7> Personal comment: Emsley RW. 1960. Pers Comm.
  • <8> Unpublished document: Dodd A. 1988. AM107.
  • <9> Aerial photograph: CUCAP. Air photos.
  • <10> Aerial photograph: Riley DN. Air photos.
  • <11> Aerial photograph: NMR. Air Photos.
  • <12> Aerial photograph: Doncaster Museum. Air photos.
  • <13> Published document: Riley DN. 1980. Early Landscapes from the Air.
  • <14> Serial: Kennedy D. 1984. Popular Archaeology. Floating Road - Timber-rafted Roman causeway.
  • <15> Published document: Gilbertson DD and Blackham A. 1985. Scaftworth Roman "Fortlet", in Briggs, Gilbertson and Jenkinson. pp 111-127.
  • <16> Unknown: RCHME. National Mapping Programme, Notts - Morph Data.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (6)

Related Events/Activities (1)

Record last edited

Jan 19 2023 7:34PM

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