Monument record M2781 - Watermill, Maythorne Mill, Southwell


COTTON MILL (Modern); SILK MILL (Modern)


Grid reference SK 69700 55599 (point)
Map sheet SK65NE
District Newark
Locality Maythorne
Civil Parish Southwell, Newark


Type and Period (2)

Full Description

This complex consists of the silk mill and the associated workers cottages (see M10753, M17221 & M17667). With the exception of the bit which was added on to the NE end of the mill which is of pinky brick, the complex is of red brick and has pantile roofs. Mill 3 storeys high at NE end and 4 storeys high at SW end. Total length 13 bays, originally 12 but one was added at a later date. (1)
The extensive remains of a small self-contained industrial community which was established beside the river Greet ... probably at the beginning of the C19. 2 mills can be seen built end to end - one of 3 storeys, the other of 4 and an attic. The mill pond was almost 5 acres in extent. The factory returns of 1838 record 72 people employed, 12 HP provided by water. Nearby stands a mulberry tree, planted as a symbol of the business carried on. The men were engaged in farming - the settlement had its own hopfields, brewed beer, and kept ducks on the millpond. (2)
Industrial hamlet ... probably firstly built for cotton spinning but certainly later for silk for which it is well known. 2 mills stand end to end. (3)
Consists of water powered spinning mill, manager's house and workers' cottages. No machinery remains. The complex is mainly red brick and pantiles. The mill three and four storeys high and 13 bays long. The manager's house has a slate roof and the cottages are three storeys high. It was built before 1787 by Robert Little. By 1790 he was bankrupt. In 1796 it was with Thomas Caunt and Co. It had a 16hp waterwheel powering 2200 spindles for silk. By 1838 it employed 70. The firm operated until 1944. (5)
See M9933 for North Mill, M9934 for South Mill.

Data Held (Document). SNT2647.

(3), Ind Arch File

Data Held: Ground Photograph (Ground photograph). SNT2646.

28 BW print, P2-P21, (etc), SMR

<1> CBA, Industrial Survey (Published document). SNT184.

Other Refs: IA2 91/1

<2> Smith DM, 1965, The Industrial Archaeology of the East Midlands, pp 60-1,199,279 (Published document). SNT1304.

<3> Reedman K, 1977, Pers Comm (Personal comment). SNT1180.

<4> Pevsner N, 1979, The Buildings of England: Nottinghamshire 2nd ed., p 334 (Monograph). SNT4.

<5> Morley D, 1997, Corn and Cotton - Waterpower in Notts (draft), p 33 (Unpublished document). SNT1693.

Sources/Archives (7)

  • --- Ground photograph: Data Held: Ground Photograph.
  • --- Document: Data Held.
  • <1> Published document: CBA. Industrial Survey.
  • <2> Published document: Smith DM. 1965. The Industrial Archaeology of the East Midlands. pp 60-1,199,279.
  • <3> Personal comment: Reedman K. 1977. Pers Comm.
  • <4> Monograph: Pevsner N. 1979. The Buildings of England: Nottinghamshire 2nd ed.. Penguin. p 334 .
  • <5> Unpublished document: Morley D. 1997. Corn and Cotton - Waterpower in Notts (draft). p 33.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

  • None recorded

Related Monuments/Buildings (5)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Jan 19 2023 7:34PM

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