Monument record M4096 - Medieval ringwork at Jordan's Castle. Wellow


RINGWORK? (Medieval)


Grid reference Centred SK 67932 66533 (112m by 110m) (2 map features)
Map sheet SK66NE
District Newark
Civil Parish Wellow, Newark


Type and Period (1)

Full Description

A circular earthwork, formed by a bank and ditch, with a SW entrance. Here Jordan Foliot was licensed to embattle his manor house of Grimston in 1252 (assuming connection with name "Jordan's Castle"). (1)
No earlier date for name than 1826 - may be antiquarian in origin. (2)
Trackway leading to site in wood on hill to N of village - not scheduled. (3)
The central mound is roughly circular with edge slightly higher than the centre. There is a well defined fosse about 6ft deep in most places, but partly filled in on the N side, surrounding the central mound. From the SW side a ridge or vallum runs to the W corner of the field, for about 200yds. The whole site has been drained, but a well defined, but shallow fosse runs from the SW side round to the NE corner of the field and there is a well defined ridge running from that point round to the S side. The ridge and furrow drainage runs parallel to this ridge on the SE and S sides. When probed no signs of stonework were found. There are 2 causeways across the central fosse, one SW and the other SE. That on the SW side coincides with an old track across the earthwork from the farm. There is a row of wooden power posts running E to W across the site, one being planted in the middle of the mound. They carry 3 electric cables. (4)
A ring castle set in permanent pasture on the top and slightly on a SE facing slope in a good defensive situation. The interior is now rig and furrow, and no evidence of a former building could be seen. A hollow way which approaches from the SW appears to be contemporary, but the 2 breaches, one to the N and the other on the E could well be relatively modern. Similar in character to both Hodsock and Kingshaugh, but not as large or as strong as either. (6)
Calls the mound a motte - the earthworks around it are more difficult to define but it looks like a bailey and the rig and furrow runs across it. (8)
This is not a motte, but a ringwork or moat. (9)
Morph: 51.2.1: Unknown Medieval Enclosure. 51.2.2: Unknown Medieval Trackway (11)
The internal dimensions measure approximately 45m east-west and approximately 52m north-west to south-east. A c.9m wide ditch forms the northern and western boundaries of the ringwork. This reduces to c.75m along the eastern and south-eastern sides. During the late 19th century the north, east and south-west sections were filled with farm refuse. The revetments vary in height from 2m to 3m. (12)

Data Held (Document). SNT2647.

Sketch, Parish file

Data Held: Aerial Photograph (Aerial photograph). SNT2645.

CCX 3216/22

Data Held: Aerial Photograph (Aerial photograph). SNT2645.

CCX 3216/25

Data Held: Aerial Photograph (Aerial photograph). SNT2645.

CCX 3216/23

Data Held: Aerial Photograph (Aerial photograph). SNT2645.

CCX 3216/24

<1> VCH, 1906, Notts, pp 250,304-5 (Published document). SNT1383.

<2> Gover, Mawer & Stenton, 1940, Place Names of Nottinghamshire, p 66 (Published document). SNT670.

<3> Thoroton Society, 1939, TTS, p 15 (Published document). SNT356.

<4> DOE, 1949, AM7 (Unpublished document). SNT56.

<5> Chateau Gaillard eds, 1966, Chateau Gaillard, 111 (Article in serial). SNT551.

<6> Seaman BH, 1974, Pers Comm (Personal comment). SNT1252.

<7> RAF, undated, Air Photos (Aerial photograph). SNT1160.

Other Refs: F21/58/1775 0017-9 02/06/1955

<8> Samuels JR, 1985, AM107 (Unpublished document). SNT1230.

<9> Bishop M, 1987, Pers Comm (Personal comment). SNT488.

<10> Cox CD, Air photos (Aerial photograph). SNT587.

Other Refs: SF 3216/22-25

<11> RCHME, National Mapping Programme, Notts - Morph Data (Unknown). SNT1470.

<12> Pre-Construct Geophysics, 2005, Earthwork, Fluxgate Gradiometer and Resistivity Surveys: Jordan's Castle, Wellow (Unpublished document). SNT4633.

Sources/Archives (17)

  • --- Aerial photograph: Data Held: Aerial Photograph.
  • --- Aerial photograph: Data Held: Aerial Photograph.
  • --- Aerial photograph: Data Held: Aerial Photograph.
  • --- Aerial photograph: Data Held: Aerial Photograph.
  • --- Document: Data Held.
  • <1> Published document: VCH. 1906. Notts. 1. pp 250,304-5.
  • <2> Published document: Gover, Mawer & Stenton. 1940. Place Names of Nottinghamshire. EPNS. p 66.
  • <3> Published document: Thoroton Society. 1939. TTS. 43. p 15.
  • <4> Unpublished document: DOE. 1949. AM7.
  • <5> Article in serial: Chateau Gaillard eds. 1966. Chateau Gaillard. 111.
  • <6> Personal comment: Seaman BH. 1974. Pers Comm.
  • <7> Aerial photograph: RAF. undated. Air Photos.
  • <8> Unpublished document: Samuels JR. 1985. AM107.
  • <9> Personal comment: Bishop M. 1987. Pers Comm.
  • <10> Aerial photograph: Cox CD. Air photos.
  • <11> Unknown: RCHME. National Mapping Programme, Notts - Morph Data.
  • <12> Unpublished document: Pre-Construct Geophysics. 2005. Earthwork, Fluxgate Gradiometer and Resistivity Surveys: Jordan's Castle, Wellow.

Finds (0)

Protected Status/Designation

Related Monuments/Buildings (8)

Related Events/Activities (0)

Record last edited

Apr 30 2024 10:17AM

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